Home Household chores Increased household chores and early marriage are keeping girls out of school, Educate Girls study finds

Increased household chores and early marriage are keeping girls out of school, Educate Girls study finds

0

Mumbai, India, October 10, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Educate Girls conducted an in-depth study with mothers, girls and boys from over 900 households in villages in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh to understand the impact of pandemic on the education of girls aged 5 to 18.

Main conclusions

  • The increase in the number of hours devoted to household chores is greater for adolescent girls (15-18 years).
  • In discussions in Uttar Pradesh, approximately 30% of girls who participated were married or engaged. In Rajasthan, girls in all discussions mentioned that there had been an increase in proposals or interest in their marriage.
  • 3 in 4 adolescent girls will continue to shoulder the burden of household chores even when schools reopen.

In November and December 2021Educate Girls, an Indian non-profit organization working for the education of girls in the Indiaconducted a study with the support of Dalberg International Advisors, with mothers and over 3,200 girls and boys to estimate the impact of the pandemic on girls aged 5-18 in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

The COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent lockdowns have affected everyone but had a disproportionate effect on the world’s poorest. In India, the closure of 1.5 million schools in 2020 affected 247 million children enrolled in elementary and secondary schools. Girls, especially those from the most marginalized communities, have been the most affected.

Educate Girls wanted to understand the changes the pandemic has brought to the lives of these vulnerable girls by India and how it may have affected their chances of returning to school.

Barriers preventing girls from returning to or staying in school

  • Increased financial distress and school attendance
    In villages where schools had opened, about 94% of girls and 96% of boys said they were in school. However, the proportion of out-of-school teenage girls (23%) was nearly double that of out-of-school teenage boys.
    – The number of out-of-school adolescent girls is 2.3 times higher in households that have lost most of their income than in those that have lost half of their income compared to the pre-pandemic situation.
  • Increased burden of household chores
    – Lockdown has increased the burden of household chores for girls. The increase in the number of hours devoted to household chores is greater for teenage girls (15-18 years) than for teenage boys. This is not contrary to the usual scenario where older teenage girls take the main responsibility for household chores.
    – For all girls, the number of hours devoted to household chores increased by more than 1 hour per day to reach an average of more than 3.5 hours per day. Most of this increase relates to household chores that need to be done in the morning before going to school.
    – 3 out of 4 adolescent girls will continue to shoulder the burden of household chores even when schools reopen.
  • Burden of early marriage
    – In Uttar Pradesh, about 30% of participating girls were married or engaged.
    – Many girls mentioned that the worsened poverty during the lockdown, combined with other circumstances, put them at risk of early marriage.
    – Most parents and teenage girls said the girls were not married nor did they get engaged (or spoke) during the lockdown and the overall Covid period while schools were closed.
    – Only 1% of teenage girls admitted to being married compared to 2% for teenage boys. 4% of teenage girls and 2% of teenage boys said there was an increase in marriage proposals after lockdown.

“The findings of the study are clear – the barriers to girls’ education are greater than ever and we must tackle greater chances for these girls to go to school, not drop out and continue learning. “The impact is most acute for adolescent girls. The study also sheds light on the girls’ stories and the long-term effect the pandemic has left on their lives,” says Safeena HusainFounder and Board Member, Educate Girls.

“Educate Girls works with some india most rural, remote and marginalized communities. This study has gathered evidence on the importance of supporting girls through education – particularly in post-COVID times. The findings of the report have helped us create action plans to work with communities and government to ensure girls return to school,” shares Maharshi VaishnavCEO, Educate Girls.

The findings of this study have been compiled in a report entitled “Impact of Covid-19 in rural areas India and its effect on girls. In this report, Educate Girls also outlined the opportunities ahead, which involve teachers and peers playing a key role in keeping adolescent girls connected to learning and getting them back into school.

About Educating Girls

Educate Girls is a non-profit organization that focuses on mobilizing communities for girls’ education in india rural and educationally backward areas. Working in partnership with the government, Educate Girls currently operates successfully in over 20,000 villages in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh and has brought over 1.1 million girls back to school to date. Working with a broad base of community volunteers, Educate Girls helps identify, enroll and retain out-of-school girls and improve basic literacy and numeracy skills for all children (girls and boys).

Learn more about www.EducateGirls.ong

Facebook | LinkedIn | Twitter | instagram | Blog | Youtube

Photo: https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/1917023/Educate_Girls.jpg
Logo: https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/1359275/Educate_Girls_Logo.jpg

SOURCE Educating Girls